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KALASAN TEMPLE

Kalasan temple is the oldest Buddhist temple in Yogyakarta and Central Java. The temple is approximately 14 kilometers from Yogyakarta. It lies only about 50 meters left side from the high way of Yogyakarta-Solo, precisely at Kalibening village in Kalasan. 
 
The construction of Kalasan temple was in 778 BC as a present of the marriage of Pancapana of Sanjaya dynasty to Dyah Pramudya Wardhani of Syailendra dynasty. In addition to a marriage present, the temple was also realization of the kings' proposal to build another holy temple for goddess Tara and a monastery for the monks. This Buddhist temple was later known built by Rakai Panangkaran from Wanca Sanjaya whose religion was Hindu.
 
Its original name is actually Tara temple. Since it is located in Kalasan area, this temple is popular with the name of Kalasan temple.
 
This beautiful temple ornamented with finely carved relief and coated with “Vajralepa”, a yellowish material made of the sap of certain three. The Vajralepa functioned as adhesive and as protection against moss and mildew, and refined the carving as well.
 
Kalasan temple is formed of 34 meters and 45 meters high building. It consists of three parts: the bottom or the foot, the body, and the top or the roof. The foot is the part of the temple that stands on a 45 meters square. On this part, there is a makara at the edge of the stair. The body of the temple is a square area where its south east side can be entered through the east door. On the area, there is a chair ornamented with a standing lion on the back of an elephant. At the outside of the temple, there is a relung ornamented with a figure of standing gods carrying the flower of lotus.
 
On the border between the top and the body of the temple, there is an ornamented flower of small paradise creature called Gana. The roof of the temple forms eight angles and consists of two levels. Each of side on the first level, there is a Budha statue that describes human Budha, and the second level describes Yani Budha, e.g. Yani Budha Ratnasembawa that is located on the south side. The top of the temple seems to be a stupa, however it can be reconstructed due to the missing stones. Surrounding the temples, there are 52 stupa with 4,60 meters height. Those stupas are no longer constructed due to the missing stones.
 

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Train Route
Bandung - Jakarta Jakarta - Bandung
Bandung - Madiun Madiun - Bandung
Bandung - Solo Solo - Bandung
Bandung - Surabaya Surabaya - Bandung
Bandung - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Bandung
Banyuwangi - Surabaya Surabaya - Banyuwangi
Cirebon - Jakarta Jakarta - Cirebon
Cirebon - Madiun Madiun - Cirebon
Cirebon - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Cirebon
Jakarta - Bandung Bandung - Jakarta
Jakarta - Cirebon Cirebon - Jakarta
Jakarta - Madiun Madiun - Jakarta
Jakarta - Malang Malang - Jakarta
Jakarta - Purwokerto Purwokerto - Jakarta
Jakarta - Semarang Semarang - Jakarta
Jakarta - Solo Solo - Jakarta
Jakarta - Surabaya Surabaya - Jakarta
Jakarta - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Jakarta
Jember - Surabaya Surabaya - Jember
Madiun - Bandung Bandung - Madiun
Madiun - Cirebon Cirebon - Madiun
Madiun - Jakarta Jakarta - Madiun
Madiun - Malang Malang - Madiun
Madiun - Purwokerto Purwokerto - Madiun
Madiun - Solo Solo - Madiun
Madiun - Surabaya Surabaya - Madiun
Madiun - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Madiun
Malang - Jakarta Jakarta - Malang
Malang - Madiun Madiun - Malang
Malang - Purwokerto Purwokerto - Malang
Malang - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Malang
Purwokerto - Jakarta Jakarta - Purwokerto
Purwokerto - Madiun Madiun - Purwokerto
Purwokerto - Malang Malang - Purwokerto
Purwokerto - Solo Solo - Purwokerto
Purwokerto - Surabaya Surabaya - Purwokerto
Purwokerto - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Purwokerto
Semarang - Jakarta Jakarta - Semarang
Semarang - Surabaya Surabaya - Semarang
Solo - Bandung Bandung - Solo
Solo - Jakarta Jakarta - Solo
Solo - Madiun Madiun - Solo
Solo - Purwokerto Purwokerto - Solo
Solo - Surabaya Surabaya - Solo
Surabaya - Bandung Bandung - Surabaya
Surabaya - Banyuwangi Banyuwangi - Surabaya
Surabaya - Jakarta Jakarta - Surabaya
Surabaya - Jember Jember - Surabaya
Surabaya - Madiun Madiun - Surabaya
Surabaya - Purwokerto Purwokerto - Surabaya
Surabaya - Semarang Semarang - Surabaya
Surabaya - Solo Solo - Surabaya
Surabaya - Yogyakarta Yogyakarta - Surabaya
Yogyakarta - Bandung Bandung - Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta - Cirebon Cirebon - Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta - Jakarta Jakarta - Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta - Madiun Madiun - Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta - Malang Malang - Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta - Purwokerto Purwokerto - Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta - Surabaya Surabaya - Yogyakarta


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